Welcome!

Welcome to the Grammar-mania!!! blogspot, written and mastered by Muriel Mendoza. This blog offers lessons and information related to the grammatical aspects of the English Language.

martes, 29 de junio de 2010

THE PARTS OF SPEECH



Although English has hundreds of thousands of words, every one can be placed into at least one of eight groups, or classifications. The system of classifying words based on their function is known as the parts of speech.


The eight parts of speech are:


· Nouns

· Pronouns

· Verb

· Adjective

· Adverb

· Preposition

· Conjunction

· Interjection


Learning about the eight parts of speech will help you understand the grammar explanations of some of the mistakes you make and figure out how to correct them.Because some words can be used in several different ways, you have to look at what a word is doing in a specific sentence before you can classify it (name its part of speech). For example, look at these sentences.


He ran fast so he wouldn’t be late. (describes how he ran...adverb)

They will fast to raise money for UNICEF. (tells about an action...verb)

Their fast lasted for three days. (names a thing...noun)


The word “fast” is spelled the same, but it functions differently in each sentence.




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WHY STUDY GRAMMAR?


Although you do write “good sentences” most of the time, you may make a few mistakes. Studying grammar is really just learning a new vocabulary so that you can talk about and learn how to correct these mistakes. Understanding grammar also helps you write new kinds of sentences that are more effective and more persuasive.


Speaking and writing correctly are very important. Usually the first impression someone, including a possible employer, has of us comes from what we say or write and how we say it. People judge us and our abilities by the way we use the language. For example, some people say “He sure done good!” or “He should of went to the dance” or “Hunters didn’t shoot a big amount of deer this year.”

While the meaning is very clear, the way it was said (or written) may encourage others to think that the speaker/writer probably doesn’t have much “schooling” or else isn’t very good at expressing him/herself.


This module gives you a chance to find and correct any grammar mistakes you may be making. Unless you correct those errors in grammar, you may be unfairly judged, and your true abilities may go unrecognized.




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WHAT IS GRAMMAR?

Dictionaries define grammar as the rules and explanations which deal with the forms and structure of words (morphology), their arrangement in phrases and sentences (syntax), and their classification based on their function (parts of speech).


Look at this picture, and then write a simple sentence (about 6 or 7 words) to explain what you see. Be sure to write the sentence in your notebook.


Your sentence probably looks something like this:

1. The man is throwing the ball.

2. The pitcher is going to throw the ball


You might even have written:

3. The ball is being thrown by the pitcher.


Whatever you wrote, it probably include the word ball, the action throw, and a word that meant a man. You certainly didn’t write:


Ball throwing man the the is

That wouldn’t make sense and people hearing or reading your message would be confused. You wrote the sentence the way you did because you already know and use the basic rules of grammar.


Here’s what probably happened at lightning speed in your head. First, you saw the picture, and your brain understood the ideas the picture presented. Then you thought the names (vocabulary) for the things you just saw and arranged them (syntax) in an understandable order. Finally, you translated each sound in each word into letters (spelling) and wrote the entire sentence. In fact, you probably started your sentence with a capital letter and ended it with a period (punctuation). You see you really do know lots about grammar!